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Digital Transformation |  20 min read

Digital Transformation Through the Lens of a Business Analyst

Business Analyst, Ankit Biswas, provides clarity on what digital transformation really means and what steps should be taken to make this journey successful.

Digital transformation (DX) is essential for any business in today’s world of emerging technologies, irrespective of the size of the business. In these ever-changing times, it has become apparent that businesses must adapt to digital transformation to increase their outreach to the wider market and remain relevant and competitive. While most organisations are already adapting to these emerging trends, there is still some clarity needed on what digital transformation really means and what steps should be taken to make this journey successful and worth the time, money or effort spent.  

So, what is Digital Transformation and what does it entail? 

I get that question a lot.  

The short answer is “It is the journey of adapting to new, or transforming existing, processes, strategies and culture through digital technologies, to meet the needs of emerging markets and target customers”.

While digital transformation can mean different things to different organisations, the conceptual framework always remains the sameDigital transformation is not just about automating manual processes, moving infrastructure to the cloud, or mobilizing the workforce through remote appsIt is a strategic and cultural change that enables organisations to challenge the age-old norms and standardsbe experimental with innovative technologies, adapt to modern methodologiesintroduce digital integration and automation and, most importantly, be more risk tolerant. However, it is paramount to carry out sufficient due diligence through business analysis, to elicit the required information, assess the data points and make well informed decisions.

What is Business Analysis and how can it help with Digital Transformation? 

All Digital Transformations initiatives start from anticipation and analysis! 

Business Analysis is not just about eliciting and analysing Functional & Non-functional requirements, writing user stories and use casesmanaging stakeholders or help the Product Owners with backlog refinement or prioritisation. There is more to it than meets the eye! 

Business Analysis Body of Knowledge (BABOK®) defines Business Analysis as the practice of enabling change in an enterprise by defining needs and recommending solutions that deliver value to stakeholders, in the digital transformation journey. Business Analysis can be applied to various initiatives in an enterprise, whether strategic, tactical, or operational and can be within the scope of a project or throughout the enterprise evolution.  

With Digital Transformationthe right amount of analysis is key to strike the perfect balance with the value it delivers and not to get stuck in the state of ‘Analysis Paralysis’. Digital transformation can be challenging without an accurate understanding of the business and industry where your organisation operates. Hence, Business Analysis is fundamental to ensure alignment between the business and digital transformations.

Business Analysis areas of expertise (Source – IIBA BABOK®)

Business Analysis areas of expertise (Source – IIBA BABOK®) 

Business Analysis in digital transformation should start with Strategy Analysis or Solution Evaluation, but it also depends on the organisational strategy or the stage of the transformation initiative. When analyzing the digital strategy of an organisation or a business function, it is key to understand the relevant factors:

  • Business objectives that confirm the need for a change 
  • Current state and potential future state of the organisation and processes 
  • Alignment with the long-term digital strategy of the organisation 
  • Understanding of the industry trends and competitors’ initiatives 
  • Internal stakeholders and their position on the digital transformation strategy 
  • Solution options and their potential value to the transformation 
  • Project methodology that fits the organisation structure and industry regulations 
  • Customers and shareholders are on board with the transformation 

Most digital transformation initiatives are a little complex due to the business and process interdependencies and multiple external factors at play. Solutions become obsolete because of lack of acceptance, usage, relevance, optimization, or meeting expectations. That is why it is significant to have dedicated business analysis personnel at the helm of the journey, to define, elicit, prioritize, verify, validate, and recommend what is required for an organisation to take the leap of faith in their digital transformation journey and achieve the ROI that was envisaged, through its inception to delivery. 

What techniques are used by Business Analysts in Digital Transformation?

There are many techniques that Business Analysts use in a Digital Transformation initiative. Some of the effective ones are:

  • Benchmarking and Market Analysis – conducted to improve organisational operations, increase customer satisfaction, and increase value to stakeholders through analysing best-in-class organisations and researching target customers. For example, CATWOE (Clients, Actors, Transformation, World view, Owner, Environmental Constraints), PESTLE (Political, Economic, Sociological, Technological, Legal, and Environmental).
  • Business Model Canvas – to understand the relationships between the key partnerships, activities, value proposition, customer relations, resources, channels, customer segments, cost structures and revenue streams.
  • Business Process Modelling – to understand and assess the gaps between current state and potential future state.
  • SWOT Analysis (Strength, Weakness Opportunity, Threat) – to study the strengths and weaknesses of an organisation and derive the opportunities and threats from them.
  • Use Case Modelling - describes the interactions between the business functions, the solution, and actors needed to achieve the business goal.
  • Risk Analysis and Management - identifies areas of uncertainty that could negatively affect value and manage the ways to deal with risks.
  • Functional Decomposition - manage complexity and reduce uncertainty by breaking down processes, systems, functional areas, or deliverables into their simpler constituents.
  • Requirements Analysis – eliciting and analysing the business, system, stakeholder, and transition requirements to achieve the business goals.
  • Financial Analysis – to understand the financial value delivered of an investment in a digital transformation approach. For example, Cost-Benefit Analysis, Return on Investment, Net Present Value, etc.
  • Decision Analysis - formally assesses a problem and possible decisions to determine the value of alternate outcomes under uncertainty. For example, Decision Matrix, Decision Trees, etc.
  • Root Cause Analysis - to identify and evaluate the underlying causes of a problem that is preventing from achieving transformation objectives. For example, 5 Whys.

In a nutshell, there is no single technique for Business Analysts to approach digital transformation. However, performing business analysis processes at strategic, operational, and tactical levels is key to ensure the requirements, stakeholders, governance, and solution align with the business objectives and goals. The real value is conspicuous when the stakeholders make well-informed decisions using the business analysis outcomes.

Learn more about why digital transformation matters here.

Why digital transformation mattersS

 

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